Promoting plant-based farming and gardening throughout North America
In an online episode of Planet Earth, a veganic farmer from Austria shows his fields and discusses his plant-based growing methods. Farmer Helmut provides veganic produce to over 100 families, and his fertilization is based on feeding the microorganisms with straw and grass cuttings.
Green manures are grown in order to be cut down and buried. They can act as a source of fertilizer, bringing nitrogen and biomass to the soil, while also improving soil structure and retaining existing soil nutrients.
Mulches are materials that cover the ground, much like layers of leaves on the forest floor. Mulches improve water retention, reduce erosion, moderate the temperature of the soil, reduce competition from weeds, and bring added nutrients to the soil while also helping to retain existing nutrients.
In veganic agriculture, fertility is maintained without the use of chemical fertilizers or animal products. Instead, veganic agriculture favors good soil stewardship, biodiversity, plant-based fertility (compost, mulch, chipped branch wood, green manures), and mineral supplements if needed. Veganic aims for a closed system, striving to maintain fertility using the materials available on the farmland.