By reducing inputs and producing your own sources of fertility, it’s possible to live more self-sufficiently from your own land.
Growing our own food is a big step toward self-sufficiency. Gardeners can provide themselves with fresh, local produce grown with their own hands. Farmers grow not only their own food, but also create their own livelihood and add to the self-sufficiency of their region by producing food for local sale.
Nevertheless, many farmers and gardeners still rely on off-farm inputs for fertility. These inputs can drain fertility from other regions, can increase CO2 emissions through transport, and can be the products of environmental and animal exploitation. When moving toward self-sufficiency, beyond growing our own food, we should consider how it is being grown. Through veganic agriculture, farmers can increase their level of self-sufficiency on their own farmland, and reduce their participation in practices that cause harm in other places.
In veganic agriculture, farmers limit their off-farm inputs, and maintain fertility as much as possible using the resources available on their own farmland, with techniques such as cover crops, green manure, and careful crop rotations. For inputs, sustainable and natural materials from the local region are encouraged, and products that are imported, fossil-fuel demanding, or environmentally harmful are avoided.
Veganic farmers strive for minimal or even zero dependence on outside factors for fertility. The aim is for a closed system, where food can be grown sustainably using the resources available on the farmer’s holding. By producing their own sources of fertility, this allows farmers more environmental self-sufficiency, and also more financial independence by lessening their engagement with the money economy.